Open Access Original Research Article

Formation Mechanism of the Perfect Inverted V-Shape CO2 Emission Amount Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) at the Country Level: Taking Taiwan as an Example

Wu-Jang Huang

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2021/v27i130315

The reduction of carbon emissions (such as CO2) is important to slow down global warming. The direct emissions of CO2 in Taiwan are contributed from the power generation sector. This research thus analyzes the effect of fuel used in the past years and finds that the summarized percentage of coal and natural gas used is the key factor in the amount of CO2 emissions. Results show that the CO2 emission amount exhibits a perfect inverted V-shape environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) from 1998 to 2014 in Taiwan. We attribute this to there being a disproportion process of transferring residual load powering to base-load powering for coal and natural gas energies and the increase in electric generation amount every year. This disproportion process means the co-existence of all technical generation in power plants.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Capital on Bank Profitability: Case of Tunisia

Mohamed Aymen Ben Moussa, Hédi Trabelsi, Adel Boubaker

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 7-20
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2021/v27i130316

The capital adequacy ratio measures the ability of a financial institutions to meet its liabilities by comparing its capital with assets.

This article studied the relationship between bank capital and bank profitability measured by (Return on assets; return on equity; net interest margin). We used a method of static panel for a sample of 11 banks in Tunisia between (2000…2018). We found that bank capital has a significant impact on ROA. But capital has a non significant effect on bank return on equity and not significant impact on bank net interest margin.

Open Access Original Research Article

Economic Fluctuations and Child Health: How Well Children’s Health Needs are Met in Nigeria

Salami Abdulganiyu, Joseph Paul

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 21-28
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2021/v27i130319

One of the major functions of every government is to monitor, manage and adequately supervise the way its healthcare system works, particularly in maintaining good maternal health and reducing child mortality. Unfortunately, recent evidence shows that many countries have been falling short of their responsibility of maintaining healthy population and ensuring low mortality rate. This study was therefore conducted to investigate the effect of economic fluctuations on child mortality rates in Nigeria. Estimation techniques like descriptive statistics, ARDL Bound test and Fully-modified ordinary least square regression imbedded with distributed lag of GDP per capita were used in the study. It was found that GDP per capita significantly and negatively influence neonatal, under-5 and infant mortalities. The study found that one percent increase in GDP per capita leads to 12% decrease in neonatal, 26% decrease in infant and 23% decrease in under-5 mortality rates. In order to ascertain that the results were stable and devoid of biasness, a robustness test was conducted where public healthcare expenditure was used to replace GDP per capita. The estimates remained stable and consistent with when GDP per capita was used. The study therefore concludes that improvement in economic activities (manifested by increase GDP per capita and healthcare expenditure) is linked to decrease in child mortality rates, and recommends that government put in place policies that can ensure improvement in economic activities and subsequently decrease child mortality rates.

Open Access Original Research Article

Relationship between Logistics Cost and Relative Firm Efficiency in Indian Food Processing Sector

Ramandeep Kumar Sharma, Khushdeep Dharni, Akashdeep Smagh, Pushpinder Vashisht

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 42-52
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2021/v27i130324

Logistics plays an important role in determining the profits for a business enterprise through a dual influence on revenues and costs. Logistics are considered critical in the growth and performance of the food processing sector. The present study was undertaken to examine the relative performance of food processing units in India on the basis of logistics cost. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was used to study the relative performance and the set considered for analysis consisted of 32 food processing units with the period of analysis covering 5 years from 2007-2011. Results indicate that no food processing unit was efficient throughout the period of analysis. Logistic regression results indicate that with a unit increase in logistics cost likelihood of the firm being efficient decreased 0.642 times. The results of the study underline the criticality of logistics management in the context of the food processing sector in India. For improving firm efficiency, it is imperative for Indian food processing companies to ensure efficiency in logistics operations.

Open Access Short Research Articles

Students’ Satisfaction on Academic Services in Higher Education: Public and Private Universities of Bangladesh

Farha Sultana, Sunita Nasrinq

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 29-41
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2021/v27i130320

Student satisfaction is an outcome of the insight of service quality provided by the university. Government of Bangladesh introduces private universities in 1992 because of huge demand in higher education. Currently, there are 103 private universities, forty-three public universities and three international universities in Bangladesh. But it is a matter of sorrow that, universities are increasing day by day but the qualities of universities are not satisfactory. This study is a comparative study conducted on two universities (one is Rangamati Science and Technology University (public) and another one is Premier University (private). The study was pointed out academic services in the private and the public universities. Based on the review of literature a questionnaire was developed and it was distributed among 120 students. The total 120 respondents have been drawn probabilistically from 2 universities. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis have been used to analyze the data and to draw the findings. It has been found that satisfaction level of the private university students is not up to the mark. Finally, few suggestions have made to increase satisfaction of the university students in Bangladesh. Results revealed that students from Rangamati Science and Technology university (public) and Premier University (private) hold different opinion whether their expectation met or not.