Open Access Original Research Article

Self Assessment Tools (SAT) as One of the Basic Tools for Performance Management: A Critique

Thomas Alama Etalong

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2020/v26i1130303

The alignment of employees to the organizational goal, vision and mission is very imperative and cannot be emphasize enough. As such, there is need for organizations to deliberately bring their workforce on board to achieve this set goals or targets. It is also important for employees to assess themselves from time to time to ascertain that they are up-to- date with the vision, goal and mission of the organization, this literally translate into self-assessment- a process of keeping self in proper check to ascertain correctness and alignment with organizational objective. The central theme of this article is to examine the role of Self-Assessment Tool (SAT) in performance management, the article also examine the shortfall of this tool developed by Bureau for Public Service Reform (BPSR). The method adopted for this study is survey method using questionnaires, one hundred questionnaires were administered among forty (40) junior, thirty (30) senior staff in the Office of the Secretary to the State Government (SSG), Enugu State, twenty (20) contract staff and ten (10) permanent staff of First Bank Plc, presidential road, Enugu. The results from the analysis shows that, the results from Self-Assessment Tool (SAT) are not made public and it gives preferences to government agencies at the detriment of private sector. The paper further X-ray the importance of performance management, ranging from reduced costs in the organization, aligns the organization directly between its employees and the strategic goals and stop project overruns. The paper concludes by noting that the result of the assessment may be made public, to guide policy making process and finally, the private sector should also be incorporated into the tool.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of International Capital Flows on Economic Growth in Palestine

Nemer Badwan, Mohammed Atta

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 23-37
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2020/v26i1130307

The study aims to investigate and examine the impact of International Capital Flows and other Financial Flows on Economic Growth in Palestine during the period (2007-2018). This study also included trends and methods of forming Capital Flows and Financial Capital Flows. The study used the appropriate descriptive and analytical approach by the authors for the purposes and requirements of the research to investigate the real results and required. The researchers used the time intervals method, and the study concluded that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI), Large Loans (World Bank), Worker Remittances (WR), Foreign Affairs Borrowing and Financial Grants (GR) have a noticeable positive impact on Economic Growth in Palestine. The study made several important and useful recommendations, the most notably: That Palestinian Government must lay down and establish lighter and comfortable rules and regulations for investors to attract more investors and Foreign Investments to Palestine. Besides, the Palestinian Government must work hard side by side with the other Developed Countries for reaching better Economic Development and increasing a good rate. To achieve a good rate of Economic Growth, the government must work hard to create job opportunities for citizens to reduce the high Unemployment rate in the country. The Government should improve the standard of living and competitiveness in global markets and obtain a sufficient share in the International Financial Markets, so the Government must work to provide new opportunities for Global Markets Integration by creating a good environment to increase Economic Growth and Technology Development.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Role of Demographic Transition, Technological Innovation on Environmental Degradation in the Congo Basin

Ebai Rascobi Akololos Nguambi, Ngouhouo Ibrahim, ZonyinObertine Nkwenti

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 38-53
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2020/v26i1130311

Ensuring Environmental sustainability as a means of stimulating growth remains an issue of great concern. In the past decades the environment has been deteriorating and almost every part of the planet has been touched. The main cause of environmental degradation is linked to humans’ activities such as agricultural intensification, population growth and energy consumption. Demographic transition entails many challenges as the population decreases due to a fall in birth rate and high dependency ratio, the technological progress usually improve health care and standard of living thereby increasing the life expectancies. The objective of this paper is therefore to investigate whether excess demography and technological innovation can explain the environmental degradation in the Countries that make up the Congo Basin. By applying the panel ARDL model (PMG), we realized that the demographic variables (Life Expectancy and depending ratio) negatively influence the environmental degradation. We equally found that technological innovation significantly reduces environmental emissions. However, the results do not support the hypothesis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) for most of the countries except for Gabon and the Republic of Congo. Finally this region through policy implementation has to make greater efforts in controlling demographic change and new technologies that are environmentally friendly.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analytical Study on Indian Fisheries Sector: Trends in Trade Performance

S. S. Guledagudda, S. Vijayachandra Reddy, Manjunatha P. Paled

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 54-65
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2020/v26i1130313

The present study was conducted to examine the market wise and product wise growth, instability and direction of fish export from India. This study was based on secondary data on market wise and product-wise marine export in terms of quantity and value was collected from different sources like Marine Products Export Development Authority of India and Indiastat. The analytical tools like Markov Chain Analysis were employed to analyze the movement (direction) of export of fish over time, Compound Annual Growth Rate analysis was used to estimate the growth in export and Cuddy-Della Valle method was used to estimate the extent of instability in export of fish over a period of time. The findings reveals that, In 2018-19, South East Asia was the major importer of Indian fish in terms of quantity with 32.10 per cent and USA was the leading importer in terms of value with 34.81 per cent. Except China, growth in fish export of to all countries was positively significant. South East Asia has recorded a highest growth in fish export. Markets like USA, China and SEA were more instable markets for Indian fish products. Among these China was the most instable fish export market both in terms of quantity (42.38) and value (52.90). Japan, European Union and Middle East were the more stable international markets for India fish. Among these markets European Union was the least instable (more stable) market with instability index of 7.13 and 11.53 in terms of quantity and value. With respect to reliability of markets USA, European Union, China and South East Asia are the more loyal among importers of Indian fish as reflected by higher probability of 0.90, 0.87, 0.88 and 0.90 respectively. In 2018-19,among all fish products exported frozen shrimp was the leading product both in terms of quantity of 6,14,154 MT (44.10% tot total export) and value of Rs.31,801 crore (68.26% of total exported value). With respect to product wise growth, all items have shown significant positive growth but dried items have recorded a highest significant and positive growth of 14.40 per cent in terms of quantity and 19.43 per cent in terms of value.Frozen shrimp was the most instable exported fish product both in terms of quantity (31.55) and value (43.60) followed by dried items (29.65 in quantity and 26.63 in values).

Open Access Original Research Article

Socio Economic Status of Scheduled Tribes in Kolli Hills of Tamil Nadu

V. Keerthana, A. Divakaran

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 66-72
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2020/v26i1130318

Social and economic justice, equal status and opportunities and the assurance of the dignity of the individual are guaranteed by the Indian Constitution for all citizens among other things. Economic and social marginalization, primitive life, geographical isolation, and educational backwardness define the Scheduled Tribes communities in India. India's constitution is filled with several provisions for scheduling castes and scheduling tribes to protect and endorse them by improvising their socio- economic interests to bring them into the nation's mainstream. Two stage sampling method was used for this study. The majority of the people in the field of study are illiterate. The main occupation is agriculture and income from this helps the individuals in the field of research in their everyday expenses. More significance and emphasis needs to be given to the educational aspects to enhance their social standing in the future. In this study the researcher tries to understand the current socio-economic status of the Scheduled tribes in Kolli Hills Namakkal district Tamil Nadu.

Open Access Original Research Article

Does ICT Diffusion Improve Financial Inclusion in Africa?

Zogo Ekassi Richard

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 73-87
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2020/v26i1130323

This article examines the effects of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) diffusion on financial inclusion from a sample of 52 African countries. We specify and estimate a panel data model by Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) over the period 2006-2019, based on the different approaches of financial inclusion. Our results show that, ICT diffusion increases financial inclusion as well as penetration, accessibility and use of financial services in Africa. We suggest policies to promote ICT infrastructure to stimulate financial inclusion by promoting digital finance.

Open Access Short Research Articles

Socio-Economic Development and Mental Health Connection in China: Evidence from China Family Panel Study

Fenglin Xu, Xuanfei Zhang

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 11-22
DOI: 10.9734/jemt/2020/v26i1130306

With the growing public awareness and attention towards mental health issues, policymakers and researchers are constantly increasing their efforts. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between socio-economic factors and mental health in China. The data used in this study is from a large scale nationally representative survey (the 2016 China Family Panel Studies). The CFPS is funded by the Chinese government through Peking University and conducted by the Institute of Social Science Survey (ISSS), which covers 16,000 households in 25 provinces in China using various questionnaires. Participants included in the survey are aged 16 and above. An Ordered Probit model is applied in this study. Life satisfaction is the dependent variable, and independent variables are total annual income for all jobs, sleeping hours per day, age, gender, currently registered residence, the highest academic background, and current marital status in this study. The results indicated that there is a positive relationship between independent variables such as total income, sleeping hours per day and age with the dependent variable life satisfaction. Compared to people whose educational attainment is equal or below Primary School, people who have finished Junior High and Senior High have worse mental health but people whose degree is above Senior High have better mental health. Furthermore, the results indicated that if people get divorced, they have a much higher probability to have mental health problems. In addition, males are more vulnerable than females overall, especially when both females and males get divorced.