Open Access Original Research Article

Business Sustainability at Nespresso

Nouf Mohammed Alrayees

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/39274

The purpose of this study is to address the sustainability importance at Nespresso coffee company. The study focuses specifically on the Nespresso’s AAA Sustainable Quality Program. Each ‘A’ in this program represents: quality, sustainability and productivity. The paper discusses the positive consequences of applying this sustainability program on the environment, society and the economy as a whole. Furthermore, the concept of green marketing and the concept of personal experience were reflected on the AAA program. The reasons behind self-preference for the brand are shared throughout this paper. The paper presents the advantages that we would get for future generations if Nespresso continues to deal with their supplier from this program.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Influencing Access to Credits among Micro and Small Agro-based Enterprises in the Tamale Metropolis, Ghana

Seidu Sulemana, Sylvester Nsobire Ayambila, David Atinga

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/39154

Access to credits has been noted as a teething problem among agro-based micro and small enterprises (MSEs). The study examined and estimated the factors influencing access to credits using survey data of 155 micro and small enterprise operators selected through multistage sampling technique in the Tamale Metropolitan Assembly in the Northern Region of Ghana. The method of analysis involved the use of binary logit estimations. The study revealed that older entrepreneurs, males, level of education, income, distance from formal credit source, engagement in casual work significantly influenced the access to formal credit. Access to formal credit was however strongly and adversely influenced by number of paid employees, production sector, processing sector and engagement in other economic activities. The age of respondent, high number of years in business, high income, far distance to informal credit source and increased number of casual workers engaged positively influenced access to informal credits while increased expenses on child education and increased number of paid employees inversely affected access to informal credits. Overall access to credit (whether formal or informal), access was found to have influenced by older entrepreneurs, higher income and far distance but older Businesses and being in the service sectors were found to significantly affected access inversely. Government policies should aim at formulating programmes to promote and strengthen economic power of MSE operators to enhance their access to credits; by designing a sustainable and appropriate training programme for business skills development; provide technical assistant and advisory and consultation services.

Open Access Original Research Article

Collective Actions, Dynamic Capabilities and Competitive Advantage: Empirical Examination of Minor Export Crop Farms in Sri Lanka

Vilani Sachitra, Siong-Choy Chong

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/39239

Aims: Collective actions in the agribusiness sector take a variety of forms, including farmer cooperatives and supply chain coordination. Literature has acknowledged that agribusiness farms which engage in collective actions generate greater value-add and enhance socio-economic contributions of a country. However, its relative importance along with the dynamic capabilities possessed by farms and subsequently competitive advantage has received very little research attention. This study aims to fill the gap by determining their relationships by employing the resource-based view in combination with the dynamic capability theories.

Study Design: Specifically, the minor export crop farm owners involved in the commercial cultivation of cinnamon, pepper and clove in Sri Lanka were surveyed using a personally-administered, structured questionnaire.

Results: The results of regression-based path analysis indicate a significant relationship between collective actions and competitive advantage, as well as between collective actions and dynamic capabilities.

Conclusion: The study has extended our understanding of the importance of collective actions for the minor export crop farm owners. Research and managerial implications are provided together with future research directions.

Open Access Original Research Article

Diagnostics of Tearing away the Democratic Mechanisms of Socio-Economic Development and Adjusting of Social Dialogue in Society

Calinescu Тetyana, Likhonosova Ganna, Zelеnkо Оlena

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/39657

Urgency of the Research: In society there is a constant process of rejection of certain types of relationships, but there are new tools for establishing a social dialogue. Consequently, the problems of diagnostics of rejection of mechanisms of social and economic development with the parallel formation of instruments of social dialogue of mankind become especially relevant.

Target Setting: A decisive factor in the development process is the progress on the principles of social partnership and the leveling down of the processes of rejection of democratic mechanisms, to achieve which the community still lacks the power to abandon intolerance. There is a need to determine the causes situations of non-acceptance the progress and the creation of conditions for further reintegration of the community into society, the establishment of social dialogue.

Actual Scientific Researches and Issues Analysis: Publications by foreign authors such as Steven A. Marglini, R. Liuis, M. Rogers Everett argue that cooperation and the creation of various types of communities and diffusions are more successful than individual activities.

Uninvestigated Parts of General Matters Defining: Scientific schools suggest the existence of certain differences in the definition of community. The diagnosis of its development and the emergence of processes of rejection of existing democratic values are more urgent. It is the points of public bifurcation in various spheres of activity and attempts to establish a dynamic balance around democratic transformations should become the areas of modern research.

The Research Objective: Diagnosis of exclusion factors; defining the parameters of establishing a social dialogue to overcome the consequences of social misunderstandings and ensuring social security.

The Statement of Basic Materials: The article proves the necessity of diagnosing indicators that measure the degree of rejection of democratic mechanisms of socio-economic development. The research is aimed at verifying the democratic mechanisms of socio-economic transformations, in accordance with modern processes and the specificity of the exclusion of progressive transformations.

Conclusions: The problem is not so much in determining the indicators for diagnosing rejection in society, but in the methods and the accuracy of their measurement. Each community has its own options for debugging and eliminating rejection processes.