Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affecting Employee Job Satisfaction in Private Universities in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Ghana

Adu Boahen Emmanuel, Esther Florence Akonor

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/35501

The purpose of this study is to assess the determinants of job satisfaction of workers in private universities. A survey of 600 workers was conducted regarding job satisfaction levels and what factors affect their level of satisfaction. Results indicate that remuneration is the most important factor driving the overall job satisfaction of the workers in the selected private universities.  Regression results suggest that management should pay attention to other factors like employee-organization relationship and staff development. Married individuals are more likely to be satisfied in working at private university than those who are not married. In addition, we find education to negatively correlate with job satisfaction. Age does not correlate with the level of job satisfaction of employees in private university.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Analysis on Economic Efficiency of Hybrid and Inbred Rice Production in Udham Singh Nagar District of Uttarakhand

Ashish Prakash, H. N. Singh, R. S. Shekhawat, Surendra Sandu

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/35469

A study was conducted to evaluate hybrid rice cultivation in blocks of highest acreage in Udham Singh Nagar district. A three stage sampling technique was employed for constructing sampling plan. In the first stage of sampling plan was the selection of blocks, selection of villages on second stage and respondent selection was done at on stage third. Probability proportion to size method technique was followed to select respondents which make a sample size of 60 farmers comprising of 28 small, 17 medium and 15 large farmers from 4 villages. Objective of this paper to estimate the costs and returns based on CACP (Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices) concept and to examine resource use efficiency of hybrid and inbred rice varieties in study area. Farm-level data analyzed by using suitable and appropriate tools and technique. This study revealed that the net returns of inbred varieties over cost C3 were Rs. 19639/, Rs. 27580/ and Rs. 29548/ha on small, medium and large farms, respectively. The corresponding figures for hybrid rice were Rs. 25589/, Rs. 30039/ and 36069/ha on small, medium and large farms respectively. Result shows that cultivation of hybrid rice seems more beneficial venture of farmers in surveyed area. Effort should be made to expand area under hybrid rice cultivation on larger scale.

Open Access Original Research Article

Value Management and Performance in Selected Oil and Gas Companies in South-South, Nigeria

Onyeizugbe Chinedu Uzochukwu, Ike Felix, Stella Olohi Enaini

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/35108

Every day, employees at all organization levels in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria make decisions that affect their company’s values-yet the link between these decisions and change in company value is often not made. This prompted the study to ascertain the extent of relationship that exists between Value Management and performance of these oil companies. The study specifically seeks to identify the extent to which business value contributions relate to social responsiveness of these selected oil and gas companies in South-South Nigeria. The research question and hypothesis were formulated in line with the specific objective. Survey research design was utilized for the study. Analysis of variance and simple regression analysis were used for hypothesis testing. The finding shows that there is a significant positive relationship between business value contribution and social responsiveness of these oil companies. The study identified Value Management as a critical factor in maintaining harmony in the host environment. The study recommended that the management of these oil companies should train staff on the current use of VM tools to ensure optimal performance in social responsiveness to their host communities.

Open Access Short Research Articles

Innovation Activities in Turkey: Comparative Analysis of 2010-2012 and 2012-2014 Periods

Mehmet Karahan, Hasan Dinc

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/35764

The dynamics of globalization have lead to many changes in the environments in which organizations carry out their activities. The modern world has become more interested in competition, speed, risk, productivity and dynamism. Of course, the organizations, which are main elements of the modern world have been affected by these changes. As a result, these organizations have been enforced to renovate their products, systems, processes and strategies. The way of this doing is being creative & innovative. It is evident that the organizations which give priority to creativity and innovation, gain new costumers, obtain a sustainable competitive advantage by producing new values to its customers are naturally advantageous over their competitors.

The goal of this research is to determine the industry’s ability for, technological innovation, new product and process development, using new technology, spreading new technology. The results of this research are based on the data obtained from 2010 - 2012 and 2012 - 2014 seasonal statistic database (which is prepared by Turkish Statistical Institute). According to the results achieved from this research, the percentage of innovative enterprises grow up from 48,5% to 51,3%. Ones who work on product innovation increased from 77,1% to 77,7% and who works on process innovation increased from 61,3% to 63,3%. Initiatives that carry out innovation activities, the rate of receiving financial support during the period 2012 - 2014 has increased, and the highest growth was 72% in financial support from central public institutions.

Open Access Case Reports / Case Studies

Defense Strategies of Listed Companies under Hostile Takeover: A Case Study

Junlin Luo, Cui Guo, Shenshen Hu

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/34882

There are many brilliant, far-reaching and complex hostile takeover cases in China's capital market in recent years. Hostile acquisition has both pros and cons. On one hand, for the inefficient companies, it is an important external governance mechanism, which can solve the agency problem effectively. On the other hand, for the efficient corporates, it will damage the company structure, administration model, and corporate culture. This paper analyzes the hostile takeover of listed companies, the Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) defense strategies and establishes a corporate anti-takeover system for listed companies through a specific case, which can help regulating takeover and the M&A defense of listed companies and promote the sustained steady development of the listed companies and capital market.