Open Access Original Research Article

Strategies for Enhancing Rice Innovation System in Southeast Nigeria

Angela I. Emodi, M. U. Dimelu

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 1-12

This study examines strategies for enhancing rice innovation system in Southeast Nigeria. Four hundred and ninety six (496) purposively selected actors in rice innovation system were used. Information was collected using questionnaire and interview schedule for illiterate farmers. The data analysis was done using mean statistics. Findings indicated that farmers perceived nursery preparation (2.9), fertilizer/agro-chemical application (2.9), harvesting (2.8), planting (2.7), threshing/winnowing/drying (2.7) and others as the most important production activities performed in rice production. Individual actors vary in their perception of strategies for enhancing rice innovation system. The researchers, policy institutions, marketers and consumers indicated that ban on rice imports, establishment of destoner and mills, and promotion of NGO involvement, set pre-season prices, subsidy on fertilizer, intensifying research and promotion of active extension were perceived as effective strategies for enhancing rice innovation system. The findings point to the fact that enhancing rice innovation system should be a result of interaction of mix of variables and subsequently multiple actors. Also the pivot roles of policy and infrastructure environment are implied. Therefore the study recommends that policies be enacted to stimulate innovative culture in the system, influence the infrastructure /investment environment. Intervention and policy should target building capability of the actors particularly the productive sector (farmers) in critical production activities. In conclusion, strategies for enhancing rice innovation system should be holistic and focused on existing strength, weakness, threat and opportunity in the system.

Open Access Original Research Article

Economic Analysis of Fuelwood Production and Consumption: Evidence from a Nigerian State

Anthony O. Onoja, Angela I. Emodi

Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Page 13-23

Aims: Against the backdrop of global and national energy crisis leading to lingering demand and supply gap of cooking energy in Nigeria, this study was designed to identify the consumption pattern of fuelwood products, profitability of fuelwood supply and the major supply determinants in Kogi State, Nigeria.
Study design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Kogi State, Nigeria.
Methodology: A total of 90 respondents were randomly selected comprising of 30 respondents each from 3 Local Government Areas (LGAs) of the state (i.e. Olamaboro, Lokoja and Idah LGAs, each representing an agricultural zone). An interview schedule and a set of structured questionnaire were used to collect data from the respondent. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, various measures of profitability and multiple regression analyses. The semi-log model was chosen as the lead equation out of other three functional forms. The model was subjected to econometric diagnosis (tests for multicollinearity and heteroscedasticity) and having passed the test, it was used for economic analysis.
Results: It was found that majority of the respondents used fuelwood for cooking and food processing/preservation. Fuelwood supply business was very profitable with a Profitability Index of 75% and an average profit of about US$3470.03 per annum/supplier. The profitability of the business was largely influenced by education level, experience, market price of fuelwood and distance of supplier/producer from the forest.
Conclusion: It was recommended that government should promote the business in a sustainable manner as a way of poverty alleviation, employ extension agents to train the suppliers and plant more forests near urban and rural areas.