Journal of Economics, Management and Trade 2020-08-11T12:06:46+00:00 Journal of Economics, Management and Trade Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Journal of Economics, Management and Trade (ISSN:&nbsp;2456-9216)</strong> publishes manuscripts with valuable insight to research, ideas and strategies of economics, management and trade. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal. This journal aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JEMT/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all below mentioned areas.</p> Markov Chain Analysis- A Discrete Assessment on Livestock Sector Trade in India and Allied Countries 2020-08-11T09:50:50+00:00 K. P. Sonavale M. M. Kadam M. R. Shaikh V. G. Pokharkar <p><strong>Objective/Methods: </strong>The research was to analyze the export and import of livestock products (India) to Oman, Afghanistan, Liberia, Maldives, Algeria, Bangladesh, Kuwait, Vietnam, Philippines, Jordon and Saudi Arabia and U.A.E countries through Markov-chain analysis, and to identify the important factors responsible for livestock production. The Markov chain Analysis was employed to analyse the dynamic nature of trade pattern specially the structural changes in any system whose progress through time can be measured in the term of single outcome variable. To accomplish the objective under study the period taken for all livestock products export was 2006-2007 to 2017-2018.</p> <p><strong>Findings/Applications:</strong> The study on import and export of agricultural commodities revealed a significant benchmark based on Markov chain analysis. The Markov Chain analysis revealed that, India has an edge to export milk products to Algeria, Bangladesh and U.A.E, as indicated by the highest retention probability. In case of egg, export to Oman, Afghanistan, Liberia, Maldives indicated by the highest retention capacity. In case of buffalo meat, export to Vietnam, Philippines, Jordon and Saudi Arabia as indicated by the highest retention probability. In case of sheep meat, export to Saudi Arabia, Oman and Kuwait had the highest retention probability. The multiple linear regression analysis indicated that the factors for milk production (number of buffaloes, Area under permanent Pasture and Grazing land and institutional credit), for meat production (number of animals slaughtered, population of poultry, buffalo, sheep and goat, number of veterinary institutes) and for egg production (Number of layers and number of veterinary institutes) were highly significant to increase the livestock product production.</p> 2020-08-05T12:29:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Constraints Faced by the Women Self Help Groups in Nagaland and Suggest Measures to Overcome 2020-08-08T09:02:09+00:00 Nchumthung Murry R. Nakhro Sanjoy Das <p>Although women Self Help Group (SHG) act as a catalyst in mobilizing poor women to attain socio and economic empowerment, it has been observed that women Self Help Group are facing various constraints which act as a barrier for many SHG to function effectively. In this context, it is important to study the nature of constraints facing by the Self Help Group and suggest suitable measure to overcome. Such, study to identify the nature and complexities of problems facing by the Self Help Group would help in strategizing policy measures for Self Help Group. Therefore, in this study attempt has been made to identify constraints faced by the Self Help Group and suggest suitable measures to overcome such constraints. The study was conducted in selected districts Nagaland. Multistage purposive random sampling was adopted for sampling 120 Self Help Groups for detailed study. Garrett’s Ranking Technique was applied for interpreting the results and to draw conclusion from the findings. From the study it was found out that the lack of technical know-how for taking up productive activities, lack of marketing facilities and inadequate loan amount which was ranked first, second respectively followed by lack of training facility for skill improvement, low social educational background of the members and delay in sanctioning loans.</p> 2020-08-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Oil and Agricultural Commodity Markets of Pakistan: Looking for a Preferable Trading Avenue 2020-08-11T12:06:46+00:00 Fakiha Tariq Tayyaba Rafique Tehseen Nawaz <p>The primary objective of this study is to find out the impact of oil price on futures and spot markets of agricultural products in Pakistan. Secondly, the study compares the research findings to suggest less oil price sensitive market for trading agricultural products in Pakistan. Futures (1 and 2 months futures) and spot prices of rice and sugar are taken as proxies for prices of agricultural products representing respective markets. Oil price sensitivity analysis is conducted via Vector Error Correction model. Further, Granger Causality approach is used for the causality analysis. Futures (1 and 2 months futures) and spot prices of rice and sugar are taken as proxies for prices of agricultural products representing derivatives and spot markets respectively. Time series data constituting 7 variables of 60 observations is analyzed from October 2012 to October 2017. The results are then subject to comparison and discussed.</p> 2020-08-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##