Trade Dynamics of Basmati and Non-Basmati Rice Exports from India

Main Article Content

M. Udhayakumar
K. R. Karunakaran


India is the world's largest producer and leading exporter of basmati rice. India produces about 70 per cent of the total world basmati rice production and the rest is produced by Pakistan. During 2017-18 the country has exported globally about 40.56 Lakh tonnes of Basmati Rice and 86.48 Lakh tonnes for Non-Basmati rice, the worth of 268.70 billion and 229.68 billion respectively. Basmati rice has got good export demand and fetches good export price in international markets due to such uniqueness. The higher price of basmati rice in international market made basmati rice as export competitive product. The present study is to analyze the export performance and its competitiveness of basmati non-basmati rice in India. In this paper rice trade dynamics of changes in terms of value of exports of basmati and non-basmati rice from India to different export markets have been measured by employing the Markov-Chain model. U.A.E. and Saudi Arabia are found to be stable destinations for Indian basmati rice exports from Markov-Chain results. Whereas, Benin, Bangladesh and UAE are found to be major destinations for non-basmati rice exports. The most unstable markets among the non-basmati rice importing countries were Cote D Ivoire and Liberia with the zero per cent retention. In order to sustain in the international market, Indian export price needs to be competitive besides improvement in quality and sanitary standards.

Basmati rice, export competitiveness, performance, Markov chain analysis.

Article Details

How to Cite
Udhayakumar, M., & Karunakaran, K. R. (2020). Trade Dynamics of Basmati and Non-Basmati Rice Exports from India. Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 26(10), 68-76.
Original Research Article


Singh KM. Performance and prospects of agricultural exports of India. PhD dissertation, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab; 2001.

Sidhu JS, Singh J, Kumar R. Role of market intelligence in agriculture: A success story of basmati cultivation in Punjab. Indian J Econ. 2014;10:26-31.

Dent WT. Application of Markov analysis to international wool flows. Review of Economics and Statistics. 1967;49(2):613-616.

Gillet BE. Introduction of operation research – A computer oriented algorithmic approach. McGraw Hill Inc., New York, USA; 1976.

Angles S, Sundar A, Chinnadurai M. Impact of globalization on production and export of turmeric in India. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 2011; 24(2):301–308.

Anup Adhikari A, Sekhon MK, Kaur M. Export of rice from India: Performance and determinants. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 2016;29(1):135-150.

GOI a (Government of India). Agricultural and processed food products export development authority (APEDA), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi. 2017. Available: