The Novel Factors for Profitability and Viability for Ponds’ Tilapia Farming in Coastal Region of Tanzania

Main Article Content

Peter David Kulyakwave
Kelvin Elisha Ngondo


The study examined the profitability and the present factors for Tilapia production in Tanzania. A purposive sampling technique used to obtain a total of 92 Tilapia farming households from 120 farming communities provided by the Tanzania government. Primary data are collected through the use of a structured questionnaire and analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The Gross Margin tool used to calculate the profitability of the semi-intensive tilapia pond fish farming. The Ordinary Least Squares regression used to determine the novel factors affecting the profitability and Net Present Values determined the viability of tilapia pond farming, respectively. The descriptive findings have revealed that the majority of tilapia farmers had a mean age of 39 years, while male respondents dominated tilapia farming. Among the costs, the feed cost contributed about 73% of the total cost indicating that feeds availability is among the prominent challenge for tilapia farming. The Gross margin obtained by the respondents was averagely 21.7%. The regression analysis has revealed that the cost of feeds, stocking density and the size of seed significantly affected the accrued pond tilapia profit negatively. The result from the Present Net Value was negative; thus, concludes that the current tilapia pond fish farming is not worthy in the study area.

Ponds’ Tilapia, profitability, viability, semi-intensive, coast region, Tanzania.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kulyakwave, P. D., & Ngondo, K. E. (2020). The Novel Factors for Profitability and Viability for Ponds’ Tilapia Farming in Coastal Region of Tanzania. Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 26(7), 70-76.
Original Research Article


Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development. The Tanzania fisheries sector, challenges and opportunities; 2016.

Di Palma F. Finding ways to double tilapia production in Tanzania without doing damage, the conversation; 2017. Available: (Site Visited 14 August, 2022)

Shoko AP, Getabu A, Mwayuli G, Mgand YD. Growth performance, yield and economic benefits of Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus and kale Brassica oleracea culture under vegetable fish culture integration; 2011.

Chenyambuga SW, Mwandya A, Lamtane HA, Madalla NA. Productivity and marketing of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultured in ponds of small-scale farmers in Mvomero and Mbarali districts, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2014.26. Article #43. Available: (Retrieved December 2, 2018)

Mwenesi NL. The determinants of perfor-mance in semi intensive Tilapia aqua-culture projects in Dar es Salaam; 2015.

Ike PC, Chuks-okonta VA. Determinants of output and profitability of aquaculture fish farming in Burutu and Warri South West Local Government Areas of Delta State, Nigeria. 2014;4(28):102–109.

Food and Agriculture Organization. Socio-economic performance of Tilapia farming in Africa. 2017;FIAA/c1130. ISSN: 2070-6065.

FAO. The State of World fisheries and aquaculture 2018: Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals, UN, New York; 2018. DOI: 10.18356/8d6ea4b6-en

WorldFish. Penang, Malaysia: WorldFish. Factsheet: 2017-18.

Kajungiro RA, Mapenzi LL, Nyinondi CS, Norman A, Mmochi AJ, Chacha M, Lamtane HA. The need of a structured Tilapia breeding program in Tanzania to enhance aquaculture production: A review. Tanzania Journal of Science. 2019;45(3):355–371.

FTA. Adding value to the East African aquaculture sector; 2014.

Kyelu. Analysis of socio-economic and environmental effects of /urban fish farming in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, a dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Environmental Resource Economics of Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania; 2016.

NBS. The United Republic of Tanzania. National Population and Housing Census; 2012.

Kulyakwave P, Xu S, Yu W, Sary S, Muyobozi S. Profitability analysis of rice production, constraints and consumption shares by small- scale producers in Tanzania. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology. 2020;37(4):1–12. Available:

Enimu S, Edet G, Ofem UI. Profitability analysis of cassava production in Cross- River State, Nigeria. International Research Journal of Human Resources and Social Sciences. 2016;3(8):210– 224.

Bwala MA, John AU. Profitability analysis of paddy production: A case of agricultural zone 1, Niger State Nigeria. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University. 2018;16(1):88–92. Available:

Helena P, Turco N, Seiko M, Esperancini T. Economic profitability in conventional and irrigated coffee production systems in three municipalities in the Marilia region of São Paulo, Brazil Marília’s Rural Development Office. Ciência Rural. 2017;47(11):1–7. Available: in three municipalities...

UNCTAD. Advancing Sustainable Development Goal 14: Sustainable fish, seafood value chains, trade and climate; 2019. Available: (Site Visited 15 August 2020)

Mmanda FP, Mulokozi DP, Lindberg JE, Haldén AN, Mtolera M, Kitula R, Lundh T. Fish farming in Tanzania: The availability and nutritive value of local feed ingredients. Journal of Applied Aquaculture; 2020. Available:

Mwaijande FA, Lugendo P. Fish-farming value chain analysis: Policy implications for transformations and robust growth in Tanzania. The Journal of Rural and Community Development. 2015;10(12):47–62.

Arul V, Suresh KC. Effect of stocking density on water quality and production of red tilapia in a recirculated water system. Journal of Aquacultural Engineering. 1992;11(1):1-22. Available:

Ronald N, Gladys B, Gasper E. The effects of stocking density on the growth and survival of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fry at son fish farm, Uganda. J Aquac Res Development. 2014;5:222. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000222

Rajabipour F, Mashaii N, Sarsangi H, Mohammadi M, Matinfar A. An investigation on Tilapia culture in aquaponic system in Iran. Modern Agricultural Science and Technology. 2017;3(5):12–17. Available: