The Impact of Ethical Climate on Creative Problem -Solving Capacity: An Empirical Study on Human Resource Employees in Saudi Arabia

Main Article Content

Soad Abdullah Almeshal
Ghada Nasser Aloud

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the impact of ethical climate on creative problem-solving capacity. The paper also aims to identify how knowledge sharing and affective commitment influence this relationship.

Design/Methodology/Approach: This is quantitative descriptive study applied on human resource employees working in companies belong to four different sectors in Saudi Arabia.115 responses were used to test research model using Partial Least Square approach.

Findings: The results reveal that ethical climate indirectly affect creative problem-solving capacity through knowledge sharing. In addition, affective commitment moderates the relationship between knowledge sharing and creative problem-solving capacity.

Research Limitations/Implications: The study conducted only in Saudi Arabia so results cannot be generalized. The study demonstrates the role of ethical climate, knowledge sharing, and affective commitment on enhancing creative problem-solving capacity.

Originality/Value: The paper broaden knowledge on antecedents of creative problem-solving capacity. In addition, the paper extends the line of research on affective commitment by examining its moderating role on the relationship between knowledge sharing and creative problem-solving capacity.

Keywords:
Ethical climate, creative problem-solving capacity, knowledge sharing, affective commitment

Article Details

How to Cite
Almeshal, S. A., & Aloud, G. N. (2019). The Impact of Ethical Climate on Creative Problem -Solving Capacity: An Empirical Study on Human Resource Employees in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 24(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.9734/jemt/2019/v24i130155
Section
Original Research Article

References

De Coninck JB. The effects of ethical climate on organizational identification, supervisory trust, and turnover among salespeople. Journal of Business Research. 2011; 64(6): 617–624.

Carmeli A, Sheaffer Z, Binyamin G, Reiter‐Palmon R, Shimoni T. Transformational leadership and creative problem‐solving: The mediating role of psychological safety and reflexivity. The Journal of Creative Behavior. 2014; 48(2):115-135.‏

Royston R, Reiter‐Palmon R. Creative self-efficacy as mediator between creative mindsets and creative problem‐solving. The Journal of Creative Behavior. 2017;‬ 0(0):1-10.

Yeh Y, Yeh Y, Chen Y. From knowledge sharing to knowledge creation: A blended knowledge-management model for improving university students’ creativity. Thinking Skills and Creativity. 2012; 7(3):245–257.

Luu T. Knowledge sharing and competitive intelligence. Marketing Intelligence & Planning. 2014;32(3):269-292.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬

Wikhamn W, Hall AT. Social exchange in a Swedish work environment. International Journal of Business and Social Science. 2012;3(23).‏ ‬‬‬‬‬

Ramlall S, Al-Amri H, Abdulghaffar N. Human resource management in Saudi Arabia. The International Business & Economics Research Journal. 2012;11 (10);1155-1162.‏

Coda R, Coda DA. Strategic performance of the human resources management department: An exploratory research on the implications from the behavioral styles of its professionals. Brazilian Business Review. 2014;11(4):107-129‏.‬

Carmeli A, Gelbard R, Reiter‐Palmon R. Leadership, creative problem‐solving capacity and creative performance: The importance of knowledge sharing. Human Resource Management. 2013;52(1):95-122.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Fein EC, Tziner A, Lusky L, Palachy O. Relationships between ethical climate, justice perceptions, and LMX. Leadership & Organization Development Journal. 2013;34(2):147-163.‏ ‬

Shin Y. CEO ethical leadership, ethical climate, climate strength and collective organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Business Ethics. 2012;108(3):299-312.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Hung Y, Tsai T, Wu Y. The effects of ethical work climate on organizational commitment in Taiwanese military units. Chinese Management Studies. 2015; 9(4):664-680‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Victor B, Cullen JB. The organizational bases of ethical work climates. Administrative Science Quarterly. 1988; 33(1):101–125.

Robbins SP, Judge TA. Organizational behavior. 16th ed. Pearson Education Limited; 2015.

Tseng F, Fan Y. Exploring the influence of organizational ethical climate on knowledge management. Journal of business ethics. 2011;101(2):325-342.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Yener M, Yaldıran M, Ergun S. The effect of ethical climate on work engagement. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012;58:724-733.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Beeri I, Dayan R, Vigoda-Gadot E, Werner SB. Advancing ethics in public organizations: The impact of an ethics program on employees’ perceptions and behaviors in a regional council. Journal of Business Ethics. 2013;112(1):59-78.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Rubel MRB, Kee DMH, Quah CH, Rimi NN. Ethical climate and employee turnover intention in the ready‐made garment industry of Bangladesh. Global Business and Organizational Excellence. 2017;36 (2):61-73.

Ipe M. Knowledge sharing in organizations: A conceptual framework. Human Resource Development Review. 2003;2(4):337-359.

Giampaoli D, Ciambotti M, Bontis N. Knowledge management, problem solving and performance in top italian firms. Journal of Knowledge Management. 2017;21(2),355-375.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Ouakouak ML, Ouedraogo N. Fostering knowledge sharing and knowledge utilization: The impact of organizational commitment and trust. Business Process Management Journal; 2018. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Kuo Y, Kuo T, Ho L. Enabling innovative ability: Knowledge sharing as a mediator. Industrial Management & Data Systems. 2014;114(5):696-710.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Van den Hooff B, de Leeuw van Weenen F. Committed to Share: Commitment and CMC use as antecedents of knowledge sharing. Knowledge and Process Management. 2004;11(1):13-24.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Wu C. The relationship between business ethics diffusion, knowledge sharing and service innovation. Management Decision. 2016;54(6):1343-1358.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Zhu Y, Chiu H, Infante Holguin-Veras EJ. It is more blessed to give than to receive: Examining the impact of knowledge sharing on sharers and recipients. Journal of Knowledge Management. 2018;22(1): 76-91.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Hardy III JH, Ness AM, Mecca J. Outside the box: Epistemic curiosity as a predictor of creative problem solving and creative performance. Personality and Individual Differences. 2017;104:230-237.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Reiter-Palmon R, Illies JJ. Leadership and creativity: Understanding leadership from a creative problem-solving perspective. The Leadership Quarterly. 2004;15(1):55-77.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Mumford MD, Whetzel DL, Reiter-Palmon R. Thinking creatively at work: Organization influences on creative problem solving. Journal of Creative Behavior. 1997;31(1):7-17.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Mumford MD, Martin R, Elliott S, McIntosh T. Creative failure: Why can't people solve creative problems. Journal of Creative Behavior. 2018;1-17.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Allen NJ, Meyer JP. Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: An examination of construct validity. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 1996;49(3):252-276.‏ ‬

Poon JM. Relationships among perceived career support, affective commitment, and work engagement. International Journal of Psychology. 2013;48(6):1148-1155.‏ ‬

Choi SB, Tran TBH, Park BI. Inclusive leadership and work engagement: Mediating roles of affective organizational commitment and creativity. Social Behavior and Personality. 2015;43(6):931-944.‏ ‬‬

Montani F, Battistelli A, Odoardi C. Proactive goal generation and innovative work behavior: The moderating role of affective commitment, production ownership and leader support for innovation. The Journal of Creative Behavior. 2017;51(2):107-127.‏ ‬

Randall DM. Commitment and the organization: The organization man revisited. Academy of Management Review.1987;12:460-471.

Schwepker Jr CH. Ethical climate's relationship to job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention in the salesforce. Journal of Business Research. 2001;54(1):39-52.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬‬

Qualls WJ, Puto CP. Organizational climate and decision framing: An integrated approach to analyzing industrial buying decisions. Journal of Marketing Research. 1989;26(2):179 – 92.

Kim S, Lee H. The impact of organizational context and information technology on employee knowledge-sharing capabilities. Public administration review. 2006;66(3); 370-385.‏ ‬‬‬‬‬

Dumas D, Schmidt LC, Alexander PA. Predicting creative problem solving in engineering design. Thinking Skills and Creativity. 2016;21:50-66.‏

Semedo AS, Coelho A, Ribeiro N. The relationship between authentic leaders and employees’ creativity: What are the roles of affective commitment and job resourcefulness?. International Journal of Workplace Health Management. 2018;11(2):58-73.