Equity Perception and Job Satisfaction of Civil Servants in the North-East of Nigeria: The Mediating Role of Self-efficacy

Main Article Content

H. M. Khalid
B. S. Dalhat
T. Abubakar
A. Y. Dutse

Abstract

The aim of this article is to examine the relationship between equity perception (distributive, procedural and informational justice) and employees' affective job satisfaction. This study tested the mediating role of individual self-efficacy on the direct relationship between perceived equity and affective job satisfaction based on the organisational justice theory and social cognitive theory. Data were collected using questionnaire from 450 workers across the six States of northeastern Nigeria, where Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and mediation analysis were used for testing the hypothesised model of the study using SEM-AMOS. Preliminary analyses revealed that there is an adequate fit between the data and the tested model. As expected, a positive and significant relationship was found between equity perception and employees' affective job satisfaction. It was also found that the individual self-efficacy has a significant and positive relationship with both equity perception and employees' affective job satisfaction. Besides, the analysis further showed that individual self-efficacy fully mediated the positive relationship between perceived equity and employees' affective job satisfaction. Study limitations and practical implications were also discussed.

Keywords:
Equity perception, job satisfaction, individual self-efficacy, social cognitive theory and organisational justice theory

Article Details

How to Cite
M. Khalid, H., S. Dalhat, B., Abubakar, T., & Y. Dutse, A. (2018). Equity Perception and Job Satisfaction of Civil Servants in the North-East of Nigeria: The Mediating Role of Self-efficacy. Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 21(8), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.9734/JEMT/2018/42902
Section
Original Research Article